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Elections  enable  every  adult  citizen  of  the  country  to  participate  in  the  process  ofgovernment  formation.  You  must  have  observed  that  elections  are  held  in  our  country.  These  include  elections  to  elect  members  of  the  Lok  Sabha,  Rajya  Sabha,State Legislative Assemblies (Vidhan Sabhas) Legislative Councils (Vidhan Parishad) andof, President and Vice-President of India. Elections are also held for local bodies such asmunicipalities, municipal corporations and Panchayati Raj justifications.

Gujarat Sarkari Yojana list and latest updates and news about new and upcoming social welfare schemes of Gujarat Government Yojana. Complete list of Sarkari Yojana List launched by Gujarat Government earlier at www.ojas-gujarat-gov-in.com

Village Panchayat Election 2021

Sarpanch & Member Name List

EVM Use Guidelines

New Matdar Yadi December 2021

New matdar yadi 2021




If you have attainedthe age of 18, you must have voted in some of these elections. If not, you will have theopportunity to vote in the next round of elections. These elections are held on the basis ofuniversal adult franchise, which means all Indians of 18 years of age and above have theright to vote, irrespective of their caste, colour, religion, sex or place of birth.

Election is a complex exercise. It involves schedules rules and machinery. This lesson willgive you a clear picture of the voting procedure, as also about filing of nominations, theirscrutiny and the campaigns carried out by the parties and the candidates before actualpolling. In this lesson you will read about the Election Commission, electoral system inIndia and also some suggestions for electoral reforms.Objectives After studying this lesson, you will be able toldescribe the composition of the Election Commission of India enumerate the functions the Election Commission and explain its role recall the procedure of election from the announcement of schedule, to the declarationof the result mention various stages in the electoral process recognise the poll-related officers and describe their functions identify the drawbacks and need for electoral reforms suggest the electoral reforms and those already carried on.

In order to conduct free and fair elections in India, Election Commission as an impartialbody has been established by the Constitution itself. It is a three-member body. The mainfunctions of the Election Commission are to delimit the constituencies, recognise the politicalparties, allot the symbols, and appoint officials to conduct and supervise the elections, Theelectoral  process  begins  with  the  issue  of  notification  by  the  President.  The  ElectionCommission releases the schedule for election and, issues model code of conduct to befollowed during elections. The contesting candidates file their nomination papers. Theirpapers are scrutinised by the concerned Returning Officers after which they are eitheraccepted  or  rejected.  The  candidates  can  also  withdraw  their  nominations.  

During  theelection campaign, political parties and their candidate release their respective ElectionManifestos. A large number of public meetings, and door-to-door campaign are organised and the electronic media, TV and Radio etc. are used to win the people’s confidence. Onthe polling day the Election Commission ensures that voters cast their votes in free andfair  manner.  The  candidate  who  secures  highest  number  of  votes  in  a  constituency  isdeclared  elected.

Recently Electronic Voting Machine has been introduced, it has replaced the use of ballotpapers and ballot boxes. This change has yielded positive outcomes, as no bogus voting,rigging or booth capturing can happen now, and the counting can be completed in no time.Though Election Commission tries its best to conduct free and fair elections our electoralsystem is faced with the problems like use of money and muscle powers, and other corruptpractices. To avoid all this certain electoral reforms have been introduced from time totime.